b'Carnegie Science|Fall 2019 19Carnegies Sue Rhee (left), David Ehrhardt (middle), and Zhiyong Wang (right) are among the researchers on the organizing committee for the Plant Cell Atlas workshop to convene in early 2020.Images courtesy Robin Kempster,Carnegie Institution for Sciencea million deaths each year throughabout plant biology that directly relate tofields and experts in nanotechnology, malnutrition, infectious disease, andfood security and climate change. imaging, and scientific computing. extreme heat. By 2090 economic losses areDuring photosynthesis plants takeThe Plant Cell Atlas will be accessible projected to be several hundred billionup and sequester carbon, including someto individuals and groups throughout the dollars a year in the U.S. Already we areof the human-induced carbon emissions.plant science community, allowing losing species at the highest rate we haveEach year, the worlds plants captureresearchers from a variety of fields to seen since the dinosaurs went extinct;about one-fourth of the carbon dioxidetrack plant cell activity and relate it to scientists call it the sixth extinction. produced by human activity. external conditions on a scale never Carnegies Sue Rhee and David Ehrhardt,Plants can also withstand extremepreviously achieved. with New York Universitys Kennethenvironments. For example, there areRhee, Ehrhardt, and Birnbaum, along Birnbaum, argue that we must drasticallydesert plants that thrive at temperatureswith Carnegies Acting Director of Plant improve our understanding of plant cellas high as 116F (47C). How plantsBiology Zhiyong Wang and Stanfords structure, function, and physiology toevolved to become so resilient and whatNick Melosh, will convene leaders from mitigate these assaults from climatetools they use to perform this astonishingdiverse fields to the projects kick-off change. Originally published by Trends infeat remain a mystery. workshop in 2020 where they will discuss Plant Science We depend on plants for the air wehow to best construct this resource, , their editorial calling for a Plant Cell Atlas is now part of a Cell Pressbreathe and the food we eat, and yet theredetermine the initiatives goals and special collection on conservation. Theyare fundamental questions about howvision, and brainstorm about how to clear have launched a project website to conveneplant cells are organized and functionpotential hurdles. They believe the leaders from diverse fields to brainstormthat remain unanswered, Ehrhardt said.undertaking will benefit the entire about how best to create this communityThis has to change if we want to bescientific endeavor and society at large.resource. prepared for the future.This is an enormous challenge, and theDue to recent innovations in data plant science research community must doscience, artificial intelligence, biosensors, everything that it can now to help the worldsystems biology, gene editing, precision prepare to meet it, said Rhee. Creating anbreeding, and microbiome research, the atlas cataloging all the various types of planttime is ripe for creating the Plant Cell SUPPORT:cells, the products they produce, and theAtlas, they argue. They say that theThe Carnegie Institution for Science endowment, the National materials they require for function wouldendeavor will require plant scientists toScience Foundation, the Department of Energy, and the National allow us to answer longstanding questionsteam up with biologists from biomedicalInstitutes of Health support these scientists.'